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Hilton Family and Helton Family DNA Testing Project
Most family lineages are developed through paper trails, hearsay, family records, Census data and other information that can prove to be inaccurate. Technology in DNA testing has now developed to the point that we can ascertain within 99.9% accuracy whether two individuals are related and this can be traced for hundreds (if not thousands) of years.
Thousands have already been tested and DNA Researchers can identify, not only your ancestors, but where they came from (Europe, American Indian, India, Asia etc.) Every male passes specific DNA markers to his male sons, intact, and these sons pass those same DNA markers on to their sons. A 7g grandson should expect to have the same DNA Markers as his father and six grandfathers.
The Hilton/Helton DNA project is being administered by Family Tree DNA. Once DNA samples are submitted, the results are uploaded into their database and they begin to look for matches to your genetic markers. Once they identify those with the same DNA Markers, they notify you and provide you with email contact information for these matches.
Anyone can participate in this project, but the test only has relevance for male descendants. Both maternal and paternal lines can be tested. More information about this testing can be found at: http://www.familytreedna.com/
We need male Hilton/Helton Descendants from Sandersville, GA (Washington County) and Toccoa, GA (Habersham County) to be tested to search for Y-DNA matches between these two Helton Families.
If you decide that you would like to have a DNA sample taken and tested, it's easy and you can do it yourself-no blood-no needles. Family Tree DNA will send you a test kit in which you scrape DNA from your inside cheek. Make sure you make a note that you are part of a project to qualify for the $99 discount price.
Here is the DNA Profile for our Randolph County Hiltons. Markers will be added as they are completed by Familytree DNA. We have several 12 for 12 identical matches (who we did not know) and numerous 11 for 12 one-step markers (who we did not know). All matches can be traced to Peter Helton
Helton Data URL
The Hilton and Helton names can be traced back to the Hylton name. The Conrad Hilton ancestors immigrated from Norway and the name there can be traced back to the Vikings. In general, the Helton's usually trace back to England and the Hiltons trace back to Norway. However, US Census record transcribers often change the names from Hilton to Helton to Hilton for the same person on successive Cenus'.
See AncestryUK.com (http://www.ancestryuk.com/HyltonVikings.htm) for more information and a newsletter (http://www.ancestryuk.com/HyltonFHSNews1.htm). Hylton Castle in England was built around 1400. The AncestryUK.com site has a wealth of information to read. It describes the Hylton/Helton/Hilton name as follows:
ORDERING DNA SAMPLE KITS
The Helton Family DNA project seeks to include data from the various Helton DNA projects and incorporate their data. Family Tree DNA’s (FTDNA) laboratory is recommended. It is affiliated with Dr. Michael Hammer and the University of Arizona and tests the Y-chromosome for genetic matches between males. Results are placed in FTDNA's Y-DNA database and when 2 people show matching results, the lab will inform both parties (provided both signed the FTDNA Release Form). Please visit the FTDNA website for more information and an explanation of Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA).
Other projects use other labs, but the results cannot be loaded into the FTDNA database. However, if you send us the results we will match them with the members data in this project and we will add the results to our display.
By ordering through FTDNA you receive project group rates, which are less expensive than standard rates. The following Y-chromosome DNA tests are available. Please see the FTDNA website for availability of other types of DNA testing.
The 12 marker test is best at ruling out relatedness with another participant, but is of limited value in genealogy and is not recommended. The 25 marker test is more refined. And FTDNA is now offering the 37 marker test. Whichever you choose now can always be upgraded later for an additional fee. I would recommend that you test as many markers as you can afford above 25 markers
By ordering the kit through our project you are agreeing to have your results incorporated with other tests and displayed on this site.
Click here, to order a DNA Sample Kit, or email one of the administrators for assistance. Please note, that when you order your sample kit online you may string other email addresses in the email contact information. Separate them by a semicolon. For example: InterestedParty1@xxx.com; InterestedParty2@xxx.com.
You may include anyone you wish, such as anyone who took part in paying for your test. If you also would append Cherie's address as administrator of this project (Cherie Ohlsson - cherie_Ohlsson@yahoo.com), it will make it easier to ensure results are properly managed and collated.
When you receive the test, you will find a release form. Please complete it and return it with your sample. This will make your results (numbers only, no personal information) accessible in online searches of the FTDNA database and will enable FTDNA to notify you of future matches. However, it does not make your information available to other surname projects or Ysearch.
We strongly encourage all participants to make their results public in the FTDNA database and in YSearch or Mito Search (if you have done a mitochondrial test). (Information at this link was gratefully obtained from Phillip Hawkins on his excellent Hawkins surname project.
Lastly, if you would email your family tree to us, minus living people, we would really appreciate it, so we can add it to this site. If you have your data on a website you may send the address for that. Please let us know if you would be willing to be a coordinator for your specific Helton line. If you do we post your name and email address as a contact for anyone wishing to get more information or to find other people in the tree. The time commitment should be small.
Surname Project Public Data
Regarding the Private/public setting that participants may select: This switch, by default, is set to private. A participant may change this to public by going to his Personal Page, and clicking on Update Contact Information. Near the bottom of the new page you will see - “Private Restrict match notifications to your surname project.” If there is a check in the box your data is being compared only to the HELTON participants. If you uncheck the box, then you will be compared to all the “Public” participants in the Family Tree DNA data bank. If you change to public, you are going to see more matches. I caution that 12/12 matches to a surname other that HELTON is probably of no significance in our highly populated R1b haplogroup, however, if you show a 23/25 match (or higher) with a different surname, you probably should correspond with that individual. There might be a case of one of the ancestors being adopted or the result of a non-wedlock birth.
The following, a message copied from GENEALOGY-DNA-L, highlights the preceding.
“66% of records have this flag checked, so that a search for matches can only view 1/3 of the database. The flag is set to Private by default, and I can't help but wonder if people realize the significance of this setting. (Unchecking doesn't mean that your results become "public" in the sense that anyone can see your record. It means that your record will be included when the whole database is searched for matches.)” Ann Turner GENEALOGY-DNA-L Administrator.
YSearch & MitoSearch
Please upload your information to Ysearch, if you have not already done so (some HELTON members have not done this). Doing this will not compromise any security that you desire to protect.
Family Tree DNA participants: Go to your Personal Page and simply click the “ysearch” link at the top, to automatically upload your Y-DNA results to Ysearch. If you then upgrade your Y-DNA test, such as from 25 Markers to 37 Markers, the Upload selection will reappear on your Personal Page, as a reminder to upload the additional Markers.
Also Ysearch (http://www.ysearch.org/edit_start.asp) has been enhanced so that the location for your most distant male ancestor can be entered using latitude and longitude coordinates. It is important to update your Ysearch record with this information. For Europe, the latitude and longitude coordinates will give your ancestor a pin on the HaploMap. Please take a moment now and add this information. Follow the directions at Ysearch, which include a link to a site to look up the latitude and longitude coordinates.
Also, you may now upload your family file (.ged).
If you tested with Family Tree DNA, but have not yet established a record at Ysearch.org, go to your Personal Page, and click "Upload to Ysearch."
If you tested at another vendor, here is the link to first create a record for your result
If you have also taken a mitochondrial test you may update your data to MitoSearch which is similar to Ysearch. The link will appear at the top of your personal page. Mitochondrial markers are passed from mother to child, but are only passed along by the daughters. Since mitochondrial tests are maternal markers they are not associated with a surname.
John Blair has an excellent explanation of the DNA process on his Blair Surname Project. Basically there are 43 DNA Markers which are passed from father to son and remain the same generation to generation with an occasional mutation. This is why only males can do this test. All Y-DNA tests allow you to identify your ethnic and geographic origins (Haplogroup), both recent and far distant on your direct male descending line. Among others, you will be able to check your Native-American or African Ancestry as well as for the Cohanim Ancestry. A description of Haplogroups follows this section.
A wonderful set of videos describing DNA testing and how it can help you in your genealogy research is provided on the Family Tree DNA website at http://www.familytreedna.com/videoaudio.html.
FTDNA also has an explanation of the genetic distances (when the markers are different) and what it means at http://www.familytreedna.com/gdrules_12.html. Basically out of 25 markers tested, if you mismatch on:
0 markers – you are related
1 marker – you are related
2 markers – you are probably related
3 markers – you are probably not related, but more tests need to be done
4. markers – you are not related but it is vaguely possible.
5 markers – you are not related but possibly shared an ancestor over 2000 years ago.
6 markers – you are not related but possibly shared an ancestor over 5000 years ago.
7 (or more) markers – you are not possibly related.
WHATS A HAPLOGROUP?
FTDNA Y-DNA tests allow you to identify your ethnic and geographic origins (Haplogroups), both recent and far distant. Among other features, this test will also be able to indicate your Native-American Ancestry and which of the 5 major groups that settled in the Americans you are most likely to be descended from. It can also describe African Ancestry as well as other ethnic origins.
Y-DNA Haplogroup Descriptions:
The following Haplogroup Descriptions are from the FamilyTreeDNA.com website which was the testing company used to determine the nearest Haplogroup assigment based on the individual's haplotype results from the Y-DNA test. These verbatim Haplogroup Descriptions and/or excerpts are copyrighted by FamilyTreeDNA.com and all rights to these descriptions are claimed by FamilyTreeDNA.com. These descriptions have been printed here with the permission of FamilyTreeDNA.com. These descriptions cannot be used elsewhere without the written permission of FamilyTreeDNA.com.
Please note that people in different Haplogroups cannot be related within many thousands of years, and that each male test result provides a prediction of the Haplogroup currently about 90% of the time. If your Y-DNA matches suggest that you belong, for example, to Haplogroup R1b, you may confirm that by ordering a Y-DNA SNP test for the R1b clade.
In general the following rule of thumb may be used: R1b = Western Europe, R1a = Eastern Europe, I = Nordic, J2 = Semitic, E3b = Semitic, Q3 = Native American.
Haplogroup B is one of the oldest Y-chromosome lineages in humans.
Haplogroup B is found exclusively in Africa. This lineage was the first to disperse around Africa. There is current archaeological evidence supporting a major population expansion in Africa approximately 90-130 thousand years ago. It has been proposed that this event may have spread Haplogroup B throughout Africa. Haplogroup B appears at low frequency all around Africa, but is at its highest frequency in Pygmy populations.
Haplogroup C is found throughout mainland Asia, the south Pacific, and at low frequency in Native American populations. Haplogroup C originated in southern Asia and spread in all directions. This lineage colonized New Guinea, Australia, and north Asia, and currently is found with its highest diversity in populations of India.
Haplogroup C3 is believed to have originated in southeast or central Asia. This lineage then spread into northern Asia, and then into the Americas.
Haplogroup D2 most likely derived from the D lineage in Japan. It is completely restricted to Japan, and is a very diverse lineage within the aboriginal Japanese and in the Japanese population around Okinawa.
Haplogroup E3a is an Africa lineage. It is currently hypothesized that this haplogroup dispersed south from northern Africa within the last 3,000 years, by the Bantu agricultural expansion. E3a is also the most common lineage among African Americans.
Haplogroup E3b is believed to have evolved in the Middle East. It expanded into the Mediterranean during the Pleistocene Neolithic expansion. It is currently distributed around the Mediterranean, southern Europe, and in north and east Africa.
Haplogroup G may have originated in India or Pakistan, and has dispersed into central Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. The G2 branch of this lineage (containing the P15 mutation) is found most often in Europe and the Middle East.
Haplogroup H is nearly completely restricted to India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan.
Haplogroups I, I1, and I1a are nearly completely restricted to northwestern Europe. These would most likely have been common within Viking populations. One lineage of this group extends down into central Europe.
Haplogroup I1b was derived within Viking/Scandinavian populations in northwest Europe and has since spread down into southern Europe where it is present at low frequencies.
Haplogroup J is found at highest frequencies in Middle Eastern and north African populations where it most likely evolved. This marker has been carried by Middle Eastern traders into Europe, central Asia, India, and Pakistan.
Haplogroup J2 originated in the northern portion of the Fertile Crescent where it later spread throughout central Asia, the Mediterranean, and south into India. As with other populations with Mediterranean ancestry this lineage is found within Jewish populations. The Cohen modal lineage is found in Haplogroup J2.
Haplogroup Q is the lineage that links Asia and the Americas. This lineage is found in North and Central Asian populations as well as native Americans. This lineage is believed to have originated in Central Asia and migrated through the Altai/Baikal region of northern Eurasia into the Americas.
Haplogroup Q3 is the only lineage strictly associated with native American populations. This haplogroup is defined by the presence of the M3 mutation (also known as SY103). This mutation occurred on the Q lineage 8-12 thousand years ago as the migration into the Americas was underway. There is some debate as to on which side of the Bering Strait this mutation occurred, but it definitely happened in the ancestors of the Native American peoples.
Haplogroup R1a is believed to have originated in the Eurasian Steppes north of the Black and Caspian Seas. This lineage is believed to have originated in a population of the Kurgan culture, known for the domestication of the horse (approximately 3000 B.C.E.). These people were also believed to be the first speakers of the Indo-European language group. This lineage is currently found in central and western Asia, India, and in Slavic populations of Eastern Europe.
Haplogroup R1b is the most common Haplogroup in European populations. It is believed to have expanded throughout Europe as humans re-colonized after the last glacial maximum 10-12 thousand years ago. This lineage is also the haplogroup containing the Atlantic modal haplotype (HG1).
WHERE WE ARE TODAY
Please join!! We are trying to find someone from the following lines and would love to add your line to the list:
Mike Hilton 706-463-2168
P.O. Box 1231
Rocky Face, GA 30740